Hummingbird X-Ray Liquid Holder in Synchrotron Beamline

Liquid Flow

The World Leader in Environmental Cell Microscopy

Technical Specs

Hummingbird Scientific X-Ray Synchrotron Holder - ElectroChemistry Liquid Flow Cell
1400 Series X-Ray
Number of Inlets 1 or 2 depending on model, single-outlet
Biasing Contacts 4
Tubing Type User-replaceable microfluidic tubing
Delivery System Variable-speed liquid delivery system
Tip Type Removable tip
Flow Type Continuous or static-liquid flow
Microscope Compatibility Custom integration*

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Featured Research

Operando liquid-electrochemical microscopy reveals origin of Li charging and discharging of battery primary particles

LixFePO4 battery material particles were charged and discharged in-situ while recording the special charge state using STXM (Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy) at Lawrence Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source. This data showed that spatial heterogeneities in reaction rates account for domains with the charging process significantly less uniform than the discharging process. These results highlight the crucial role of surface reaction rate for lithiation, observing these inconsistencies of ion insertion have implications for electrode engineering and battery management for future generation battery technology.

Figure on the right: LixFePO4 battery material particles are shown here charging (red to green) and discharging (green to red) in-situ in the X-ray liquid-electrochemical cell. The animation shows regions of faster and slower charge.

Reference:  “Origin and hysteresis of lithium compositional spatiodynamics within battery primary particles”J. Lim,Y. LiD. H. AlsemH. SoS. C. LeeP. BaiD.A. CogswellX. LiuN. JinY. YuN. J. SalmonD. A. ShapiroM. Z. BazantT.TyliszczakW. C. Chueh, Science 05 Aug 2016  Abstract

LBL Advanced Light Source Building


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X-Ray Liquid Electrochemistry Selected Publications

Timothy S. Arthur, Per-Anders Glans, Nikhilendra Singh, Oscar Tutusaus, Kaiqi Nie, Yi-Sheng Liu, Fuminori Mizuno, Jinghua Guo, Daan Hein Alsem, Norman J. Salmon, and Rana Mohtadi. “Interfacial insight from operando sXAS/TEM for magnesium metal deposition with borohydride electrolytes,” Chemistry of Materials (2017)  Abstract
J. Lim,Y. Li, D. H. Alsem, H. So, S. C. Lee, P. Bai, D.A. Cogswell, X. Liu, N. Jin, Y. Yu, N. J. Salmon, D. A. Shapiro, M. Z. Bazant, T.Tyliszczak, W. C. Chueh, “Origin and Hysteresis of Lithium Compositional Spatiodynamics Within Battery Primary Particles”,  Science, 05 Aug (2016) Abstract
A. Kammers, D.H. Alsem, J. Lim, Y. Li, W. Chueh, N. Salmon. “Accelerating Next Generation Battery Development Through the Application of Cross-Correlative In-Situ Microscopy,” Microscopy & Microanalysis Meeting (2015) Abstract
B. Stripe, V. Rose, M. Misek, S.W.  Chee, D.H. Alsem, N.  Salmon. “Applications of In-Situ Synchrotron Radiation Techniques in Nanomaterials Research,” MRS Spring (2014) Symposium AAA Abstract


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