|Tilt Range||Up to ±45° depending on objective pole|
|In-plane applied magnetic flux density
||Up to 900 Gauss, depending on microscope and pole piece|
||From -300 Oe to +300 Oe applied field|
||Integrated passive magnetic compensation|
|TEM Compatibility||FEI, JEOL, Hitachi|
Using Hummingbird Scientific’s magnetization holder, scientists can explore how magnetic materials and devices respond dynamically to applied in-plane magnetic fields. Specific applications include studies of the physics of functional magnetic and multiferroic materials such as magnetic alloys, complex oxides, giant/colossal magnetoresistance materials and nanoscale magnetic structures. The magnetization holder is also available in a high-performance version for the JEOL LTEM.
- Directly visualizing magnetic domain switching
- Observing microstructure interactions with domain-wall motion
- Correlating bulk measurements with nanoscale processes
How It Works
Using in-plane magnetic fields, Hummingbird Scientific’s magnetizing holder can apply up to +/- 900 Gauss to the sample area. The system uses a built-in magnetic compensation circuit to limit the magnetic effect on the electron beam, increasing image quality and the maximum usable magnetic field (+/- 300 Oe). The field is quantified and calibrated at the sample via a miniature field sensor.
Left: (Top) Graph illustrating the maximum applied magnetic field and the maximum field at which imaging is possible. (Bottom) Schematic showing the magnetic field lines for negative applied field. The magnetic compensation circuit guides the field around and applies an opposite field above and below the sample position. Colored image to the left shows FEA results of the magnetic fields at the sample.Edit
Magnetic Thin Film Materials
In combination with magnetic TEM imaging techniques (e.g. Lorenz TEM), the in-situ application of magnetic fields to magnetic materials allows researchers to study nano-scale magnetic behavior and directly correlate material microstructure with magnetic domain structure.
Right: Fe-Pd alloy film showing changes to magnetic domain structure as a function of the in-plane magnetic field applied using magnetizing holder. Magnetic domain walls appear as white and black line pairs. Marc De Graef, Carnegie Mellon University; images courtesy of Amanda Petford-Long, Argonne National Laboratory. (ANL, a U.S. Dept. of Energy, Office of Science Laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357).
Reference: M. De Graef, “Recent Progress in Lorentz Transmission Electron Microscopy“, EPJB Condensed Matter and Complex Systems, ESOMAT 2009, 01002, 2009 (Section 2). Abstract
Copyright © 2009, M. De GraefEdit
Customization & Service
|V. Brajuskovic, F. Barrows, C. Phatak & A. K. Petford-Long. “Real-space observation of magnetic excitations and avalanche behavior in artificial quasicrystal lattices,” Scientific Reports (2016)||Abstract|
|A. Budruk, C. Phatak, A.K. Petford-Long, M. De Graef. “In-situ Lorentz TEM magnetization studies on a Fe-Pd-Co martensitic alloy,” Acta Materialia (2011)||Abstract|
|A. Budruk, C. Phatak, A.K. Petford-Long, M. De Graef, “In-situ Lorentz magnetization study of a Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloy,” Acta Materialia (2011)||Abstract|
|M. De Graef. “Recent Progress in Lorentz Transmission Electron Microscopy,” 8th European Symposium on Martensic Transformations (2009), Keynote Lecture||Abstract|